The Upanishads, dating largely from the eighth to the sixth centuries BCE, are the “wisdom literature” of the Vedas. The teachers of the Upanishads point the way to a profound realization: Atman, the inmost soul or breath of life, is also Brahman, the ultimate reality that pervades the entire universe. The teachers of the Upanishads teach by example and analogy. But Brahman is there and gives life to all, as the seed produces the fig tree.
They represent the earnest efforts of the profound thinkers of early India to solve the problems of the origin, the nature, and the destiny of man and of the universe, or—more technically—the meaning and value of ‘knowing’ and ‘being.’ Though they contain some fanciful ideas, naive speculations, and inadequate conclusions, yet they are replete with sublime conceptions and with intuitions of universal truth.2 Here are found intimations of the inadequacy of mere nature-worship and of the falsity of an empty ceremonialism. But he projects from himself blisses, pleasures, delights. Knowledge of the real nature of Brahma in general effects an assimilation of the knower of it. He who knows this becomes the fearless Brahma’ (Bṛih. Brahmans of the Kurupañcālas were gathered together there.Perseverance in (seeking to gain) the knowledge of the Supreme Spirit, and perception of the gain that comes from knowledge of the truth: This is called knowledge : all that is contrary to this is ignorance..action_button.action_button:active.action_button:hover.action_button:focus,.action_button:hover.action_button:focus .count,.action_button:hover .count.action_button:focus .count:before,.action_button:hover .count:before.u-margin-left--sm.u-flex.u-flex-auto.u-flex-none.bullet. My question is, what is the earliest known mention or record of the Kali Santarana Upanishad?This book merely says that it dates to before the sixteenth century, presumably because the popularization of the Hare Krishna mantra dates to the sixteenth century.That which is like nectar in the beginning from the connection of the sense-object with the senses, but is as poison in the end, is held to be of "passion".