This made atheists apoplectic not the product of an artist really means not the product of any human being.
And so it is not at all surprising that beginning in 1981, there was enormous urgency within the atheist leadership circles to do something about the Shroud.
In 2002, a team of experts did restoration work, such as removing the patches from 1534 and replacing the backing cloth.
One of the specialists was Swiss textile historian Mechthild Flury-Lemberg.
The most scientific and extensive research ever performed on the Shroud spanned more than three years and was begun in 1978 by the Shroud of Turin Research Project (STURP).
Over thirty experts including NASA and Los Alamos Laboratory scientists used two tons of scientific equipment to examine and record essentially every inch of the Shroud, and collected samples of dust, pollen, blood, etc. In 1981, STURP published papers and articles in scientific journals with the conclusion that the image on the Shroud was not the product of an artist. The image of the Shroud was not the product of an artist.
Photography of the shroud by Secondo Pia in 1898 indicated that the image resembled a photographic 'negative' and represents the first modern study.
New scientific tests on the Shroud of Turin, which was on display Saturday in a special TV appearance introduced by the Pope, dates the cloth to ancient times, challenging earlier experiments dating it only to the Middle Ages..It was first displayed at Lirey in France in the 1350s and subsequently passed into the hands of the Dukes of Savoy.After many journeys the shroud was finally brought to Turin in 1578 where, in 1694, it was placed in the royal chapel of Turin Cathedral in a specially designed shrine.Atheist scientists began to zealously push hard for a carbon dating of the Shroud, and of course they wanted to perform the dating themselves.They succeeded in convincing the Catholic Church to let them do exactly that.But the carbon dating results are contradicted by a mountain of evidence that supports the belief the Shroud dates back to the time of Jesus of Nazareth. Mechthild Flury-Lemberg, a respected expert on textiles, discovered that one border of the Shroud contains a particular style of stitching so unique it could have only been created in the time of Jesus or just previous.