Often PR is used to mitigate or reduce the effects of unfavourable publicity and it is an important and very flexible marketing communications element.It can be used both within and outside the organisation, although many feel that it is an external marketing tool, with the firm trying to communicate with a range of external publics in order to create a positive impression in people’s minds.Public Relations (or PR) is a field concerned with maintaining public image for high-profile people, commercial businesses and organizations, non-profit associations or programs.An earlier definition of PR (by The first World Assembly of Public Relations Associations, held in Mexico City in August 1978) was "the art and social science of analyzing trends, predicting their consequences, counseling organizational leaders, and implementing planned programs of action, which will serve both the organization and the public interest." Marketing Dictionary: Public Relations. Once common activities include speaking at conferences, working with the media, crisis communications and social media engagement, and employee communication.Rapid and effective responses are crucial for public relations.
There are a number of PR disciplines falling under the banner of Corporate Communications, such as Analyst Relations, Media Relations, Investor Relations, Internal Communications and Labor Relations.
A public relations officer is someone who is responsible for maintaining the reputation of the company she or he works for.
Small companies may have a single staffer who handles public relations, while others may have an entire public relations department.
Most public relations officers have a bachelor's degree in journalism, communications, or public relations, along with experience working in public relations.
These professionals must be constantly on call and available to handle emerging situations as quickly as possible.
The European view of PR as practice notes that besides a relational form of interactivity there is also a reflective paradigm that is concerned with publics and the public sphere; not only with relational (which can in principle be private), but also with public consequences of organizational behaviour .